Muḥammad ‘Alī Bāshā; 1769 –1849~ was an Ottoman Albanian commander in the Ottoman army, who became Wāli, and self-declared Khedive of Egypt and Sudan with the Ottoman's temporary approval. Though not a modern nationalist, he is regarded as the founder of modern Egypt because of the dramatic reforms in the military, economic and cultural spheres that he instituted. He also ruled Levantine territories outside Egypt. The dynasty that he established would rule Egypt and Sudan until the Egyptian Revolution of 1952

 Spanish artist Fernando Vicente diverting  maps &  its usefulness transforming continents into characters  painted in acrylic.

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